Somatic mutation analysis of MYH11 in breast and prostate cancer


Näytä suppeat kuvailutiedot Alhopuro, Pia - Karhu, Auli - Winqvist, Robert - Waltering, Kati - Visakorpi, Tapio - Aaltonen, Lauri - 2012-06-17T20:13:47Z 2012-06-14 19:55:58 - 2012-06-17T20:13:47Z 2008 -
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2407 -
dc.description BioMed Central Open access -
dc.description.abstract Background MYH11 (also known as SMMHC) encodes the smooth-muscle myosin heavy chain, which has a key role in smooth muscle contraction. Inversion at the MYH11 locus is one of the most frequent chromosomal aberrations found in acute myeloid leukemia. We have previously shown that MYH11 mutations occur in human colorectal cancer, and may also be associated with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. The mutations found in human intestinal neoplasia result in unregulated proteins with constitutive motor activity, similar to the mutant myh11 underlying the zebrafish meltdown phenotype characterized by disrupted intestinal architecture. Recently, MYH1 and MYH9 have been identified as candidate breast cancer genes in a systematic analysis of the breast cancer genome. Methods The aim of this study was to investigate the role of somatic MYH11 mutations in two common tumor types; breast and prostate cancers. A total of 155 breast cancer and 71 prostate cancer samples were analyzed for those regions in MYH11 (altogether 8 exons out of 42 coding exons) that harboured mutations in colorectal cancer in our previous study. Results In breast cancer samples only germline alterations were observed. One prostate cancer sample harbored a frameshift mutation c.5798delC, which we have previously shown to result in a protein with unregulated motor activity. Conclusion Little evidence for a role of somatic MYH11 mutations in the formation of breast or prostate cancers was obtained in this study. -
dc.language.iso en -
dc.title Somatic mutation analysis of MYH11 in breast and prostate cancer -
dc.type fi=Artikkeli aikakauslehdessä | en=Journal article| -
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:uta-3-566 -
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1471-2407-8-263 -
dc.type.version fi=Kustantajan versio | en=Publisher's version| -
dc.subject.okm fi=Lääketieteen bioteknologia | en=Medical biotechnology| -
dc.journal.title BMC Cancer -
dc.journal.volume 8 -
dc.journal.number 263 -
dc.journal.volumepagerange 1-5 -
dc.oldstats 59 -

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