Effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Anttila, Heidi -
dc.contributor.author Autti-Rämö, Ilona -
dc.contributor.author Suoranta, Jutta -
dc.contributor.author Mäkelä, Marjukka -
dc.contributor.author Malmivaara, Antti -
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-17T20:13:51Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-15 06:10:33 -
dc.date.available 2012-06-17T20:13:51Z
dc.date.issued 2008 -
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2431 -
dc.identifier.uri http://tampub.uta.fi/handle/10024/65813
dc.description BioMed Central Open access -
dc.description.abstract Background To assess the effectiveness of physical therapy (PT) interventions on functioning in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods A search was made in Medline, Cinahl, PEDro and the Cochrane library for the period 1990 to February 2007. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on PT interventions in children with diagnosed CP were included. Two reviewers independently assessed the methodological quality and extracted the data. The outcomes measured in the trials were classified using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Results Twenty-two trials were identified. Eight intervention categories were distinguished. Four trials were of high methodological quality. Moderate evidence of effectiveness was established for two intervention categories: effectiveness of upper extremity treatments on attained goals and active supination, and of prehensile hand treatment and neurodevelopmental therapy (NDT) or NDT twice a week on developmental status, and of constraint-induced therapy on amount and quality of hand use. Moderate evidence of ineffectiveness was found of strength training on walking speed and stride length. Conflicting evidence was found for strength training on gross motor function. For the other intervention categories the evidence was limited due to low methodological quality and the statistically insignificant results of the studies. Conclusion Due to limitations in methodological quality and variations in population, interventions and outcomes, mostly limited evidence on the effectiveness of most PT interventions is available through RCTs. Moderate evidence was found for some effectiveness of upper extremity training. Well-designed trials are needed especially for focused PT interventions. -
dc.language.iso en -
dc.title Effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review -
dc.type fi=Artikkeli aikakauslehdessä | en=Journal article| -
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:uta-3-577 -
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1471-2431-8-14 -
dc.type.version fi=Kustantajan versio | en=Publisher's version| -
dc.subject.okm fi=Terveystiede | en=Health care science| -
dc.journal.title BMC Pediatrics -
dc.journal.volume 8 -
dc.journal.number 14 -
dc.journal.volumepagerange 1-10 -
dc.oldstats 87 -

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