Health-related quality of life in patients waiting for major joint replacement. A comparison between patients and population controls

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dc.contributor.author Hirvonen, Johanna -
dc.contributor.author Blom, Marja -
dc.contributor.author Tuominen, Ulla -
dc.contributor.author Seitsalo, Seppo -
dc.contributor.author Lehto, Matti -
dc.contributor.author Paavolainen, Pekka -
dc.contributor.author Hietaniemi, Kalevi -
dc.contributor.author Rissanen, Pekka -
dc.contributor.author Sintonen, Harri -
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-17T20:14:13Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-16 11:54:15 -
dc.date.available 2012-06-17T20:14:13Z
dc.date.issued 2006 -
dc.identifier.issn 1477-7525 -
dc.identifier.uri http://tampub.uta.fi/handle/10024/65877
dc.description BioMed Central Open access -
dc.description.abstract Background Several quality-of-life studies in patients awaiting major joint replacement have focused on the outcomes of surgery. Interest in examining patients on the elective waiting list has increased since the beginning of 2000. We assessed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients waiting for total hip (THR) or knee (TKR) replacement in three Finnish hospitals, and compared patients' HRQoL with that of population controls. Methods A total of 133 patients awaiting major joint replacement due to osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee joint were prospectively followed from the time the patient was placed on the waiting list to hospital admission. A sample of controls matched by age, gender, housing and home municipality was drawn from the computerised population register. HRQoL was measured by the generic 15D instrument. Differences between patients and the population controls were tested by the independent samples t-test and between the measurement points by the paired samples t-test. A linear regression model was used to explain the variance in the 15D score at admission. Results At baseline, 15D scores were significantly different between patients and the population controls. Compared with the population controls, patients were worse off on the dimensions of moving (P < 0.001), sleeping (P < 0.001), sexual activity (P < 0.001), vitality (P < 0.001), usual activities (P < 0.001) and discomfort and symptoms (P < 0.001). Further, psychological factors – depression (P < 0.001) and distress (P = 0.004) – were worse among patients than population controls. The patients showed statistically significantly improved average scores at admission on the dimensions of moving (P = 0.026), sleeping (P = 0.004) and discomfort and symptoms (P = 0.041), but not in the overall 15D score compared with the baseline. In patients, 15D score at baseline (P < 0.001) and body mass index (BMI) (P = 0.020) had an independent effect on patients' 15D score at hospital admission. Conclusion Although patients' HRQoL did not deteriorate while waiting, a consistently worse HRQoL was observed in patients waiting for major joint replacement compared with population controls. -
dc.language.iso en -
dc.title Health-related quality of life in patients waiting for major joint replacement. A comparison between patients and population controls -
dc.type fi=Artikkeli aikakauslehdessä | en=Journal article| -
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:uta-3-638 -
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1477-7525-4-3 -
dc.type.version fi=Kustantajan versio | en=Publisher's version| -
dc.subject.okm fi=Terveystiede | en=Health care science| -
dc.journal.title Health and Quality of Life Outcomes -
dc.journal.volume 4 -
dc.journal.number 3 -
dc.journal.volumepagerange 1-7 -
dc.oldstats 58 -

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