Clinical benefit of gluten-free diet in screen-detected older celiac disease patients

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dc.contributor.author Vilppula, Anitta -
dc.contributor.author Kaukinen, Katri -
dc.contributor.author Luostarinen, Liisa -
dc.contributor.author Krekelä, Ilkka -
dc.contributor.author Patrikainen, Heikki -
dc.contributor.author Valve, Raisa -
dc.contributor.author Luostarinen, Markku -
dc.contributor.author Laurila, Kaija -
dc.contributor.author Mäki, Markku -
dc.contributor.author Collin, Pekka -
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-17T20:15:28Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-16 08:40:19 -
dc.date.available 2012-06-17T20:15:28Z
dc.date.issued 2011 -
dc.identifier.issn 1471-230X -
dc.identifier.uri http://tampub.uta.fi/handle/10024/66091
dc.description BioMed Central open access -
dc.description.abstract Background The utility of serologic screening for celiac disease is still debatable. Evidence suggests that the disorder remains undetected even in the older population. It remains obscure whether screening makes good or harm in subjects with long-standing gluten ingestion. We evaluated whether older subjects benefit from active detection and subsequent gluten free dietary treatment of celiac disease. Methods Thirty-five biopsy-proven patients aged over 50 years had been detected by serologic mass screening. We examined the disease history, dietary compliance, symptoms, quality of life and bone mineral density at baseline and 1-2 years after the commencement of a gluten-free diet. Symptoms were evaluated by gastrointestinal symptom rating scale and quality of life by psychological general well-being questionnaires. Small bowel biopsy, serology, laboratory parameters assessing malabsorption, and bone mineral density were investigated. Results Dietary compliance was good. The patients had initially low mean serum ferritin values indicating subclinical iron deficiency, which was restored by a gluten-free diet. Vitamin B12, vitamin D and erythrocyte folic acid levels increased significantly on diet. Celiac patients had a history of low-energy fractures more often than the background population, and the diet had a beneficial effect on bone mineral density. Alleviation in gastrointestinal symptoms was observed, even though the patients reported no or only subtle symptoms at diagnosis. Quality of life remained unchanged. Of all the cases, two thirds would have been diagnosed even without screening if the family history, fractures or concomitant autoimmune diseases had been taken carefully into account. Conclusions Screen-detected patients benefited from a gluten-free diet. We encourage a high index of suspicion and active case-finding in celiac disease as an alternative to mass screening in older patients. -
dc.language.iso en -
dc.title Clinical benefit of gluten-free diet in screen-detected older celiac disease patients -
dc.type fi=Artikkeli aikakauslehdessä | en=Journal article| -
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:uta-3-933 -
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1471-230X-11-136 -
dc.type.version fi=Kustantajan versio | en=Publisher's version| -
dc.subject.okm fi=Sisätaudit | en=Internal Medicine| -
dc.administrativeunit fi=Lääketieteen yksikkö | en=School of Medicine| -
dc.journal.title BMC Gastroenterology -
dc.journal.volume 11 -
dc.journal.number 136 -
dc.journal.volumepagerange 1-8 -
dc.oldstats 35 -

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