Musculoskeletal symptoms and computer use among Finnish adolescents - pain intensity and inconvenience to everyday life: a cross-sectional study.

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dc.contributor.author Hakala, Paula T -
dc.contributor.author Saarni, Lea A -
dc.contributor.author Punamäki, Raija L -
dc.contributor.author Wallenius, Marjut A -
dc.contributor.author Nygård, Clas H -
dc.contributor.author Rimpelä, Arja H -
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-17T20:15:44Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-16 08:50:05 -
dc.date.available 2012-06-17T20:15:44Z
dc.date.issued 2012 -
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2474 -
dc.identifier.uri http://tampub.uta.fi/handle/10024/66125
dc.description BioMed Central open access -
dc.description.abstract Background Musculoskeletal symptoms among adolescents are related to the time spent using a computer, but little is known about the seriousness of the symptoms or how much they affect everyday life. The purpose of the present study was to examine the intensity of musculoskeletal pain and level of inconvenience to everyday life, in relation to time spent using a computer. Methods In a survey, 436 school children (12 to 13 and 15 to 16 years of age), answered a questionnaire on musculoskeletal and computer-associated musculoskeletal symptoms in neck-shoulder, low back, head, eyes, hands, and fingers or wrists. Pain intensity (computer-associated symptoms) and inconvenience to everyday life (musculoskeletal symptoms) were measured using a visual analogue scale. Based on the frequency and intensity, three categories were formed to classify pain at each anatomic site: none, mild, and moderate/severe. The association with time spent using the computer was analyzed by multinomial logistic regression. Results Moderate/severe pain intensity was most often reported in the neck-shoulders (21%); head (20%); and eyes (14%); and moderate/severe inconvenience to everyday life was most often reported due to head (29%), neck-shoulders (21%), and low back (16%) pain. Compared with those using the computer less than 3.6 hours/week, computer use of ≥ 14 hours/week, was associated with moderate/severe increase in computer-associated musculoskeletal pain at all anatomic sites (odds ratio [OR] = 2.9-4.4), and moderate/severe inconvenience to everyday life due to low back (OR = 2.5) and head (OR = 2.0) pain. Conclusions Musculoskeletal symptoms causing moderate/severe pain and inconvenience to everyday life are common among adolescent computer users. Daily computer use of 2 hours or more increases the risk for pain at most anatomic sites. -
dc.language.iso en -
dc.title Musculoskeletal symptoms and computer use among Finnish adolescents - pain intensity and inconvenience to everyday life: a cross-sectional study. -
dc.type fi=Artikkeli aikakauslehdessä | en=Journal article| -
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:uta-3-995 -
dc.identifier.doi doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-41 -
dc.type.version fi=Kustantajan versio | en=Publisher's version| -
dc.subject.okm fi=Terveystiede | en=Health care science| -
dc.administrativeunit fi=Terveystieteiden yksikkö | en=School of Health Sciences| -
dc.journal.title BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders -
dc.journal.volume 13 -
dc.journal.number 41 -
dc.journal.volumepagerange 1-7 -
dc.oldstats 27 -

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