Ideology and the Challenges of Political Liberalisation in the USSR, 1957-1961: Otto Kuusinen's "Reform Platform", the State Concept, and the Path to the 3rd CPSU Programme


Näytä suppeat kuvailutiedot Renkama, Jukka - 2012-12-03T12:12:02Z 2012-12-03T12:12:02Z 2006 -
dc.description.abstract Uusiin venäläisiin arkistolähteisiin perustuva teos tarkastelee Otto Wille Kuusisen (1881-1964) 1950- ja 1960-lukujen taitteen poliittisen ajattelun sisältöä, sen paikkaa eräiden keskeisten marxilaisten virtausten joukossa sekä sen saamaa vastaanottoa Neuvostoliiton Kommunistisessa Puolueessa. Tutkimus haastaa perinteisiä käsityksiä niin Kuusisesta poliitikkona kuin ideologian asemasta Nikita Hrushtshovin kauden Neuvostoliitossa. Kirja pyrkii valaisemaan ennen kaikkea sitä, miksi Josif Stalinin jälkeinen poliittinen vapautuminen jäi puolitiehen. fi
dc.description.abstract Why was it so difficult for the Soviet system to distance itself from "Stalinism"? What kind of role did ideology play in Khrushchev-era political choices? How did Otto Kuusinen's political thinking compare with both contemporary and classical Marxist currents? These are the questions the author will illuminate in the present study, which is based on rare CPSU archives materials. At the heart of the work stands full Presidium member and Central Committee Secretary Otto Kuusinen's (1881-1964) "reform platform": it is composed of private memoranda he drafted for Nikita Khrushchev in 1957-1961. Preceeding Mikhail Gorbachev's perestroika by some thirty years, the former Social Democrat-turned-Communist and veteran Comintern functionary wished to reform the Soviet system by replacing "Stalinist" hypercentralisation and arbitrariness by a system of "socialist democracy", hence making the regime more popular and predictable both domestically and internationally. Kuusinen approached the issue from a theoretical perspective. To his mind permanent, concrete polittical changes in the character and methods of communist rule could only be achieved by first legitimising them ideologically. Here his main instrument was the state concept. If Kuusinen had had his way, the abandonment of the dictatorship of the proletariat would have been announced at the 40th celebrations of the October Revolution in 1957, and the forthcoming CPSU programme would have become the document whence the Bolsheviks would draw the practical conclusions from this abolition and present a concrete plan for democratisation. Alas, the still influential conservative sections of the Party ideological establishment shared Kuusinen's belief in the power of Marxism-Leninism, but not his desire to what now looks like a failed attempt to renew a basically unreformable system. en
dc.language.iso en -
dc.publisher Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura -
dc.relation.isformatof 951-746-802-4 -
dc.subject Otto Kuusinen / NKP / ideologia / valtiokäsite -
dc.subject CPSU / ideology / state concept -
dc.title Ideology and the Challenges of Political Liberalisation in the USSR, 1957-1961: Otto Kuusinen's "Reform Platform", the State Concept, and the Path to the 3rd CPSU Programme -
dc.type.ontasot fi=Väitöskirja | en=Doctoral dissertation| -
dc.relation.numberinseries 99 -
dc.seriesname Bibliotheca Historica -
dc.oldstats 0 - Valtio-oppi - Political Science - 2006-04-28 -
dc.onsale 1 -
dc.faculty fi=Yhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekunta | en=Faculty of Social Sciences| -
dc.department fi=Politiikan tutkimuksen laitos | en=Department of Political Science and International Relations| -


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