Home-ownership and the Labour Market: Evidence from Rental Housing Market Deregulation
Laamanen, Jani-Petri (2013)
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Perhaps the most common finding relating housing to the labour market is that high home-ownership rates are associated with higher unemployment. In contrast, recent micro-evidence suggests that homeowners have relatively favourable labour market outcomes. We explore the effect of home-ownership on unemployment exploiting a rental housing market deregulation reform which created exogenous variation in home-ownership across regions, allowing us to avoid the endogeneity problem in earlier studies. While home-owners are less likely to experience unemployment, an increase in the home-ownership rate causes unemployment to rise. Externalities arising from consumption reductions and increased job competition may explain the conflicting evidence.